Trails to the Past

Iowa

Dubuque County

 

 

Trails to the Past of Iowa is accepting any donations of genealogy materials that you may have such as marriage announcements, news articles, old obituaries, births, (you do not need the birth certificate) just the information, and biographies.  If you have any of these items please contact me Marie Miller the Iowa State Administrator.

Dubuque County is named for French trader Julien Dubuque, the first European settler of Iowa, and an early lead mining pioneer in what is now Dubuque County. Dubuque was French Canadian, and had (by most accounts) a friendly relationship with the local Fox tribe of Native Americans. He and other early pioneers established a lucrative mining and trading industry in the area. When lead deposits began becoming exhausted, the pioneers developed boat building, lumber yards, milling, brewing, and machinery manufacturing to take its place.

The establishment of the City of Dubuque in 1833 led to large-scale settlement of the surrounding area. This was greatly encouraged by the Roman Catholic Church, which sent priests, bishops, and nuns to establish churches in the unpopulated countryside. Primarily, Irish and German (many of whom were Catholic) immigrants came to the region.

At an extra session of the Sixth Legislative Assembly of Michigan Territory held in September, 1834, the Iowa District was divided into two counties by running a line due west from the lower end of Rock Island in the Mississippi River. The territory north of this line (which started just south of the present-day Davenport) was named Dubuque County, and all south of it was Demoine County. Thus, at that time Dubuque County nominally included not only much of what is now the state of Minnesota but portions of what are now North Dakota and South Dakota.

Dubuque County became part of Wisconsin Territory once it was split off from Michigan Territory on July 3, 1836. A massive reorganization and reduction of the county's size was executed on December 21, 1837, when its original area was separated into 13 named new counties and a "non-county area". The land in present day Minnesota and the Dakotas was transferred to the newly created Fayette County in this action. Dubuque County became a part of Iowa Territory upon its creation on July 4, 1838.

In 1858, Saint Francis Catholic Church was established in Dubuque County. It is one of Iowa's two original counties along with Des Moines County; both were organized by the Michigan Territorial legislature in 1834.

The city of Dubuque was chartered in 1833 as the first city in Iowa.

On Line Data

Cities
Asbury
Balltown
Bankston
Bernard
Cascade
Centralia
Dubuque
Durango
Dyersville
Epworth
Farley
Graf
Holy Cross
Luxemburg
New Vienna
Peosta
Rickardsville
Sageville
Sherrill
Worthington
Zwingle
Unincorporated communities
Fillmore
Key West
Washington Mills

Townships
Cascade
Center
Concord
Dodge
Dubuque
Iowa
Jefferson
Liberty
Mosalem
New Wine
Peru
Prairie Creek
Table Mound
Taylor
Vernon
Washington
Whitewater

Dubuque County Court House

Adjacent counties
Clayton County (north)
Grant County, Wisconsin (northeast)
Jo Daviess County, Illinois (east)
Jackson County (southeast)
Jones County (southwest)
Delaware County (west)

 

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